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Bone Grafting and Augmentation for Dental Implants

Bone grafting or bone augmentation is a self-explanatory term - it is quite simply the replacement of bones for dental reasons. This article is designed to help you understand the procedure of bone grafting. Also, realize that grafting can enable you to look just fabulous and is one of the most beautiful things dentistry can provide you with.


A brief introduction to grafting


Bone grafting and augmentation are necessary procedures if you want to get dental implants. Mostly, people require a procedure to add bone to their jaws for the successful dental implantations to occur.


Grafts can either be your own bone, or they can be a processed bone taken from a cadaver.  Once the grafting material fuses with the existing bone, you know your bone grafting has been a successful procedure. After bone augmentation, you are required to wait for a period of 4 to 9 months before getting implants from your dentist.


How do you obtain bone grafts?


Most bone grafts come from your own bones. This can be taken from your chin or the lower jaw; hip bones are also considered if the latter areas do not provide with enough bone. The hip bone is considered better because it provides the dentist with a large amount of bone and contains bone-forming cells as well.


To most people, the idea of providing their own bone doesn’t seem very pleasant. In that case, dentists can also acquire bones from cadavers or cows. More recently, synthetic procedures are also being used for bone grafting.


What is the procedure of bone augmentation and grafting?


Typically, people who are legible for a bone grafting procedure have lost their tooth and it has been several years since the tooth has been missing. As a result, there isn’t enough bone to support any tooth implants, for that bone grafting is required.


Under the influence of intravenous sedation, dentists extract the bone from the chin of the patient or a cadaver. A cut is made in the gum of the site where the tooth implant has to occur, to judge the amount of bone that will be needed for the procedure.


If the bone has to be taken from the chin, the surgeon will remove a block of bone along with the bone marrow. After filling the spot with other bone grafting material the incision is closed. All of this procedure is done after administering anesthesia to the patient.


Small titanium screws are used to anchor the block of bone in place. Finally, the dentist will place the membrane over the graft and close this incision as well. 


What follows after bone grafting?


After the procedure of bone augmentation, the patient is provided with antibiotics to avoid infection. Antibacterial mouthwash and pain medication are also subscribed on top of avoiding certain types of food. The patient will either be required to wear a denture or the doctor will make a temporary removable bridge to help safeguard the area.


This takes about nine months to heal before dental implants can be placed.


Lastly, bone grafting is a procedure you should certainly opt for if you are in dire need of new teeth. The success rate of this procedure is very high and the benefits are numerous. However, if the graft fails, it can be removed before you decide to get another one in its place.


Give NEO Dentistry a call at (512) 722-6131 to find out more about dental implants.